Removal of Textile dye by Using Activated Carbon in Aqueous Solution


Wilaiporn Insuwan Khattiya Moonchaisook Benjamaporn Junkrin


        Two textile dye (indigo carmine and acid blue 25) were removed using activated carbon (AC) as solid adsorbent. Effects of various parameters such as adsorbent dosage, contact time, kinetics and thermodynamic properties were investigated by batch adsorption technique. The results shown that the adsorption kinetics of textile dye was determined by the pseudo-second order model and adsorption isotherms fitted very well with Langmuir model. In addition, thermodynamic properties indicated that the adsorption of both textile dye on AC were endothermic and spontaneous process. The maximum adsorption capacities (qm) of indigo carmine and acid blue 25 onto AC was 89.29-104.17 mg/g and 1,428.00-2,000.00 mg/g, respectively. This results could be explained by stronger interaction between acid blue 25 and AC. This work indicated that AC can be used as an alternative adsorbent for removal of textile dye especially acid blue 25, due to the low cost and high efficiency of adsorption capacity.

Keywords: textile dye, adsorption, kinetics, activated carbon


Adeogun, A. I. & Balakrishnan, R. B. (2016). Electrocoagulation removal of anthraquinone dye Alizarin Red S from aqueous solution using aluminum electrodes: kinetics, isothermal and thermodynamics studies. Journal of Electrochemical Science and Engineering, 6(2), 199-213.
Al-Ghouti, M. A., Khraisheh, M. A. M., Allen, S. J., & Ahmad, M. N. (2003). The removal of dyes from textile wastewater: a study of the physical characteristics and adsorption mechanisms of diatomaceous earth. Journal of Environmental Management, 69(3), 229-238.
Badii, K., Ardejani, F. D., Saberi, M. A., Limaee, N. Y., & Shafaei, S. Z. (2010). Adsorption of Acid blue 25 dye on diatomite in aqueous solutions. Indian journal of technology, 17, 7-16.
Elizalde‐González, M. P., & Peláez‐cid, A. A. (2003). Removal of textile dyes from aqueous solutions by adsorption on biodegradable wastes. Environmental Technology, 24(7), 821-829.
Fierro, V., Torne´-Ferna´ndez, V., Montane´, D., & Celzard, A. (2008). Adsorption of phenol onto activated carbons having different textural and surface properties. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 111, 276–284.
Insuwan, W., & Rangsriwatananon, K. (2014). Evaluation of adsorption of cationic dyes on H-LTL and K-LTL zeolite. Journal of Porous Materials, 21, 345-354.
Karcher, S., Kornmüller, A., & Jekel, M. (2002). Anion exchange resins for removal of reactive dyes from textile wastewaters. Water Research, 36(19), 4717-4724.
Kumari, K., & Abraham, T. E. (2007). Biosorption of anionic textile dyes by nonviable biomass of fungi and yeast. Bioresource Technology, 98(9), 1704-1710.
Li, C., Zhong, H., Wang, S., Xue, J., & Zhang, Z. (2015). Removal of basic dye (methylene blue) from aqueous solution using zeolite synthesized from electrolytic manganese residue. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 23(25), 344-352.
Liu, C. H., Wu, J. S., Chiu, H. C., Suen, S. Y., & Chu, K. H. (2007). Removal of anionic reactive dyes from water using anion exchange membrane as adsorbent. Water Research, 41, 1491-1500.
Mall, I. D., Taneja, N., & Thakur, C. K. (2013). Treatment of Indigo Carmine Dye Bearing Wastewater by Electrocoagulation. 2nd International Conference on Environment, Agriculture and Food Sciences, August, 25-26 2013 (pp. 86-90). Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur.
Nwodika, C., & Onukwuli, O. D. (2017). Adsorption Study of Kinetics and Equilibrium of Basic Dye on Kola Nut Pod Carbon. Gazi University Journal of Science, 30(4), 86-102.
Pathania, D., Sharma, S., & Singh, P. (2017). Removal of methylene blue by adsorption onto activated carbon developed from Ficus carica bast. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 10, 1445-1451.
Ramesh, T. N., & Sreenivasa, V. P. (2015). Removal of indigo carmine dye from aqueous solution using magnesium hydroxide as an adsorbent. Journal of Materials, 2015, 10.
Razi, M. A. M., Hishammudin, M. N. A. M ., & Hamdan, R. (2017). Factor Affecting Textile Dye Removal Using Adsorbent From Activated Carbon: A Review. MATEC Web of Conferences, 103, 06016.
Rinku, J., Shripal, S., & Hemant, P. (2015). Removal of Malachite green dye from aqueous solution using magnetic activated carbon. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, 5(12), 38-43.
Stergiopoulos, D., Dermentzis, K., Giannakoudakis, P., & Sotiropoulos, S. (2014). Electrochemical decolorization and removal of indigo carmine textile dye from wastewater. Global NEST Journal, 16(3), 499-506.
Vijayakumar, G., Tamilarasan, R., & Dharmendirakumar, M. (2012). Adsorption, Kinetic, Equilibrium and Thermodynamic studies on the removal of basic dye Rhodamine-B from aqueous solution by the use of natural adsorbent perlite. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 3(1), 157-170.
Wasti, A., & Ali Awan, M. (2016). Adsorption of textile dye onto modified immobilized activated alumina. Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences, 20, 26-31.
Zaidan, F., & Freitas, P. A. M. (2015). Flow Injection Analysis of Indigo Carmine Using Green Coconut,(Cocos Nucifera L.) Fiber as a Bioadsorbent. International Journal of Engineering Research & Science (IJOER), 1(8), 39-46.

Research Articles


How to Cite
INSUWAN, Wilaiporn; MOONCHAISOOK, Khattiya; JUNKRIN, Benjamaporn. Removal of Textile dye by Using Activated Carbon in Aqueous Solution. Naresuan University Journal: Science and Technology (NUJST), [S.l.], v. 28, n. 3, p. 10-19, june 2020. ISSN 2539-553X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 22 jan. 2022. doi:

Most read articles by the same author(s)