This research aims to address the need for an effective local urban solid waste management framework. To accomplish this, it focused on the institutional networks that flow within and link out of the barangay (Philippine village) as the micro level of Local Government. The paper describes networked institutions as composed 3 variables adapted from Ostrom’s institutional analysis and development framework. These are 1) actors, 2) actions, and 3) lines of connections. It uses qualitative comparative method with a Most Different and Most Similar (MDSD) research design to analyze cases of network similarities between performing barangays, similarities between non-performing barangays, and differences across performing and non-performing. The locus is Metro Manila, capital of the Philippines, unique to be the location of barangays with increasing solid waste production, along with qualified models of solid waste management.
Analyses arrived at three significant findings: First, model barangays have clear relationships with institutional and non-institutional support from outside its solid waste management space. Second, model barangays have institutional implementing units complemented by non-institutional groups. Third, model barangay solid waste management is not simply about waste handling, but also network management. Finally, model barangays are composed of groups which are actors interlinked in a solid waste management network. Barangays are better able to implement grassroots solid waste management through a network with established lines within and outside their space. It is recommended that barangay officials need support and encourage the formation of social groups, and to link with them to achieve better results. This is facilitated through collaboration with between institutional and non-institutional groups.
Keywords: Solid Waste Management, Barangay, Institutions, Network, Village Management
Alave, K. L. (2011, August 16). Metro Manila Produces a Fourth of Philippine Garbage. Retrieved from https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/42317/metro-manila-produces-a-fourth-of-philippine-garbage
Allesch, A., & Brunner, P. H. (2014). Assessment Methods for Solid Waste Management: A Literature Review. Waste Management and Research, 32(6), 461-473. DOI: 10.1177/0734242X14535653
Brizuela, M. B. (2015, April 12). Turning Dump ‘Green’ Wins Praise, P1M for Taguig Folk. Retrieved from https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/685023/turning-dump-green-wins-praise-p1m-for-taguig-folk
Chandler, D., & Coaffee, J. (2017). The Routledge Handbook of International Resilience. New York: Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.book2look.com/embed/9781317655985
Creech, H., Paas, L., Gabriel, G. H., Voora, V., Hybsier, C., & Marquard, H. (2014). Small-Scale Social-Environmental Enterprises in the Green Economy: Supporting Grassroots Innovation. Development in Practice, 24(3), 366-378.
De Guzman, A. (2013). Designs and Processes: Qualitative Research. In Seminar on Social Science Qualitative Research Course Information Map. Manila: University of Santo Tomas.
Dias, S. M. (2017, December 6). Grassroots Movements May Hold Key to Achieving the SDGs. Retrieved from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/sonia-maria-dias-/grassroots-movements-may_b_11994392.html
Ezeah, C., & Roberts, C. L. (2012). Analysis of Barriers and Success Factors Affecting the Adoption of Sustainable Management of Municipal Solid Waste in Nigeria. Journal of environmental management, 103, 9-14.
Hargreaves, T., Hielscher, S., Seyfang, G., & Smith, A. (2013). Grassroots Innovations in Community Energy: The Role of Intermediaries in Niche Development. Global Environmental Change, 23(5), 868-880.
Hollingsworth, J. R. (2000). Doing Institutional Analysis: Implications for the Study of Innovations. Review of International Political Economy, 7(4), 595-644.
Lazer, D., & Friedman, A. (2007). The Network Structure of Exploration and Exploitation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 52(4), 667-694. http://dx.doi.org/10.2189/asqu.52.4.667
Marello, M., & Helwege, A. (2014). Solid Waste Management and Social Inclusion of Waste Pickers: Opportunities and Challenges. Retrieved from https://www.bu.edu/pardeeschool/files/2014/11/Social-Inclusion-Working-Paper.pdf
Oguntoyinbo, O. O. (2012). Informal Waste Management System in Nigeria and Barriers to an Inclusive Modern Waste Management System: A Review. Public Health, 126(5), 441-447.
Ostrom, E. (2009). A General Framework for Analyzing Sustainability of Social-Ecological Systems. Science, 325(5939), 419-422.
Ostrom, E. (2011). Background on the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework. Policy Studies Journal, 39(1), 7-27.
Putnam, R. D. (1994). Social Capital and Public Affairs. Bulletin-American Academy of Arts and Sciences. American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 47(8), 5-19. DOI: 10.2307/3824796
Ranada, P. (2015, October 6). Why PH is World’s 3rd Biggest Dumper of Plastics in the Ocean. Retrieved from https://www.rappler.com/science-nature/environment/108276-philippines-plastic-pollution-ocean-conservancy-study
Robertson, D. B. (1993). The Return to History and the New Institutionalism in American Political Science. Social Science History, 17(1), 1-36. DOI: 10.1017/S0145553200016734
Ryan, M. (2005). Structural Functionalism. In G. Ritzer (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Social Theory (Vol. 1, pp. 803-804). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. DOI: 10.4135/9781412952552.n298
Rydin, Y., & Pennington, M. (2000). Public Participation and Local Environmental Planning: The Collective Action Problem and the Potential of Social Capital. Local Environment, 5(2), 153-169.
Sanz, E. O. (2016). The Potential of Grassroots Innovations for Sustainability Strategies: A Case of Study of the Spanish Community Currencies. Retrieved from http://www.ingenio.upv.es/es/system/files/adjuntos-grupos-organicos/session_8._02_esther_oliver_grassroots_innovation_potential_for_sustainability.pdf
Senate of the Philippines. (2016, July 4). Legarda Lauds Brgy. Potrero, Malabon for Winning MMDA’s Best Solid Waste Mgmt Award. Retrieved from http://www.senate.gov.ph/press_release/2016/0704_legarda1.asp
The Philippine Star. (2016, August 26). Manila Revives Cleanliness Drive. Retrieved from https://www.philstar.com/metro/2016/08/26/1617259/manila-revives-cleanliness-drive
The State of Queensland Residential Tenancies Authority. (n.d.). Renting: Lawns, Gardens, and Trees. Retrieved from https://www.rta.qld.gov.au/Renting/During-a-tenancy/Maintenance-and-repairs/Lawns-gardens-and-trees
United Nations Development Programme. (2012, September 19). Institutional and Context Analysis-Guidance Note. Retrieved from http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/democratic-governance/oslo_governance_centre/Institutional_and_Context_Analysis_Guidance_Note.html
University of Florida. (2015). The Florida Yards and Neighborhoods Handbook. Retrieved from https://fyn.ifas.ufl.edu/materials/FYN_Handbook_2015_web.pdf
Vickers, I. (2010, February). Social Enterprise and the Environment: A Review of the Literature. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/38da/1d4e4a1c5ba44118df481cba05d0b043e79e.pdf
World Bank Group. (2015, May). Water Supply and Sanitation in Cambodia. Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/545311468178454239/pdf/100889-WSP-P131116-AUTHOR-Susanna-Smets-Box393244B-PUBLIC-WSP-SERIES-Cambodia-WSS-Turning-Finance-into-Service-for-the-Future.pdf