The objectives of this research were to: 1) study the traditional Dai land-tenure management system, 2) compare the differences between the traditional Dai land-tenure management system and the modern system, 3) analyze the effect of the implementation of the modern land-tenure management system on the Dai community, and 4) develop a new model for integrating the traditional Dai tenure-management system with the modern system. Data were collected through documentation review, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. Data were validated using triangular techniques and analyzed by qualitative methods. The results showed the following: 1) traditional Dai land-tenure management derives from traditional wisdom and employs methods beneficial for land use, land allocation, and the ecological environment; 2) traditional Dai land-tenure management differs from the modern land system in terms of land rights, land use, and mechanisms; 3) while implementation of the modern system has changed land-use and land-management mechanisms in the Dai area, villagers will still adopt traditional methods to reduce threats from externalities; and 4) traditional land-tenure management compensates for shortcomings in the modern system and helps to improve land use, social equity, and sustainable development. In order to solve the integration of the two system is equilibrium, stable and sustainable, and finally play the optimal function of system. This study recommends the following: reducing external uncertainties, improving rural social security and local policy development, enhancing adaptability and coordination within community organizations, and giving more autonomy to community organizations to protect traditional Dai culture. To this end, a new model is established to integrate the traditional land-tenure management system with the modern system.
Keywords: Modern and Traditional Land Tenure, Land Utilization, Management System, Dai Minority, Community
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