The Impact on Working Memory of the 4-D Multiple Resource Model as Embedded in Interpretation Training

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Attapol Attanak Sirikran Juntapremjit Arnon Chaisuriya

Abstract

     Working memory, the mental ability to temporality store and process information, is essential in both daily and academic life. This study aimed to compare the effect of an interpretation training program, based on the 4-D Multiple Resource Model, on working memory in the experimental group according to pre- and post-training scores, and to compare the effect on working memory in the active control group versus the experimental group according to post-training scores. Sixty undergraduate students enrolled in English II at Khon Kaen University were randomly assigned into either an experimental group or an active control group. The experimental group completed sixteen sessions of interpretation training, 30-45 minutes each, via a website, while the active control group practiced using metacognitive strategies. A listening span task for L2 learners and a dual n-back task were employed as pre-post measures for assessing working memory capacity. Compared with the active control group, the experimental group’s working memory capacity after the training improved markedly (p < .05). Thus, it is concluded that interpretation training that exploits a variety of attentional resources and taps various working memory components could be applied toward enhancing working memory.


Keywords: Cognitive Training, Attentional Resources

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Section
Research Articles

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How to Cite
ATTANAK, Attapol; JUNTAPREMJIT, Sirikran; CHAISURIYA, Arnon. The Impact on Working Memory of the 4-D Multiple Resource Model as Embedded in Interpretation Training. Journal of Community Development Research (Humanities and Social Sciences), [S.l.], v. 12, n. 4, p. 125-135, nov. 2019. ISSN 2539-5521. Available at: <http://www.journal.nu.ac.th/JCDR/article/view/Vol-12-No-4-2019-125-135>. Date accessed: 19 nov. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.14456/jcdr-hs.2019.40.