Legislation for Women’s Rights: A Study of Victims of Domestic Violence Protection Act B.E.2550


Tana Wiboonpanuvej


     The three main purposes of this article were: 1) to study the violence against women, which has been one of the primary issues depriving women of their rights; 2) to understand the lawmaking process and how it has been implemented, leading to; 3) to analyze and point out the problems and obstacles in the implementation of the Victims of Domestic Violence Protection Act B.E. 2550 as a cross-sectional. The researcher uses the qualitative research and gather the information from the key informant interview and documentary research. The result from the interview and the study of the paper related to“The Victims of Domestic Violence Protection Act B.E. 2550” were divided into three parts: the law itself and the law making process, the law implementation and the suggestions from the NGOs. According to the results from the law itself and the law making process, the terminology has been unclear. Neither any written support was carried out after the law come into force, nor official assessment was conducted in attempt to amend the problem occurring during the law implementation. Consequently, government officials had difficulty working under the law due to the own conflict with the criminal code. Besides no valid procedures for multidisciplinary team were established for each agency to follow. Lastly, the job rotation of the bureaucracy system disrupted the continuity of working and prevented the officials from their advanced competency development. Regarding the Suggestions from NGOs, the people's mindset on violence against women should change and the knowledge on such issue should be shared among the people, government sectors and NGOs. Finally, the heart of the law effectiveness was the teamwork from every related department.

Keywords: Women’s Rights, Victims of Domestic Violence, Violence Protection, Legislative Process, Violence Protection Act


Archavanitkul, K., Kanchanajitra, C., Aimaem, V., Lerdsrisuntad, U., Foundation for Women (FFW), & Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University. (2003). Violence in Couple’s Life and Women’s Health (Research report). Nakornpathom: Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University & Foundation for Women (FFW).

Boondech, P. (2011). Legislative Process Democratic form of Government with the King as Head of State. Bangkok: The Secretariat of the Senate.

Boyle, K. (2019). What’s in the Name? Theorising the Inter-Relationships of Gender and Violence.
Feminist Theory, 20(1), 19-36.

Bunnag, P. (2011). Women in Thai Jurisdiction from the Reign of King Chulalongkorn to 1935 A.D.: Through the Study of Lawsuits and Petitions. (Master’s thesis). Department of History, Faculty of Liberal Arts,
Thammasat University, Bangkok. Retrieved from http://digi.library.tu.ac.th/thesis/lib/0967/01title-tables.pdf

Chongwatana, S. (2009). Problems in Enforcing Protection of Domestic Violence’s Victims 2007 Act.
(Master’s thesis). Department of Social Work, Faculty of Social Administration, Thammasat University, Bangkok. Retrieved from

Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand (Interim Edition). (2006).
Retrieved from https://library2.parliament.go.th/giventake/content_give/cons_temp2549E.pdf

Department of Women’s Affairs and Family Development, Ministry of Social Development and Human Security. (2011). Situation Report on Violence in Thailand and Report According to Section 17 of Victims of Domestic Violence Act B.E. 2550 in 2010. Retrieved from http://violence.in.th/publicweb/pdf/M17/M172553.pdf

European Institute for Gender Equality. (2015). Strategic Framework on Violence against Women 2015-2018. Retrieved from https://eige.europa.eu/publications/strategic-framework-violence-against-women-2015-2018

Freedman, J. (2001). Feminism. Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Laohattapongpuri, D., & Panpruang, C. (n.d.). Legislative Process.
Retrieved from http://wiki.kpi.ac.th/index.php?title=กระบวนการตรากฎหมาย

Ministry of Social Development and Human Security. (2018). Quarterly Report on Social and Human Security in 2018 (January-March). Retrieved from https://www.m-society.go.th/download/article/article_20180509110801.pdf

Narongsak, A. (2010). An Assessment of Law Enforcement on the Domestic Violence Act B.E. 2550.
Journal of Thai Justice System, 3(3), 13-31.

Office of the Council of State. (2004). 200 Years of Sam Duang Law. Retrieved from http://www.

Partners for Law in Development. (n.d.) CEDAW South ASIA. Retrieved from http://cedawsouthasia.org/

Rammajitti. (1992). The Status of Women was a Symbol of the Nation’s Civilization. Bangkok: Women Lawyers Association of Thailand under the Royal Patronage of Her Majesty the Queen.

Siegel, L. J. (2011). Criminology the Core (4th ed.). Stamford: Cengage Learning.

State Government of Victoria. (n.d.). Family Violence Explained. Retrieved from https://www.betterhealth.

Suklarpkit, S. (2013). Monogamy in Modern Thai Society, 1870s-1940s. (Master’s thesis). Department of History, Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok.
Retrieved from http://cuir.car.chula.ac.th/handle/123456789/42826

Sutheesorn, S. (2003). Yua Atchayakam. Bangkok: Soon Sue Serm Krung Thep.

Suvetwethin, D. (2018, November 15). Statistic of Sexual Violence in Thailand should be Concerned. Retrieved from http://www.thaihealth.or.th/Content/45786-สถิติ%20'ความรุนแรงทางเพศ'%20ของไทยยังน่าห่วง.html

Thai Civil Rights and Investigative Journalism (TCIJ). (2018, August 5). Domestic Violence Statistic from January-March 2018 increased 83%. Retrieved from https://www.tcijthai.com/news/2018/8/current/8203

Thananowan, N. (2014). Violence against Women: Analysis and Conclusion from the Research Evidence. Bangkok: V.Print (1991).

The Standard. (2018). Do not Judge! Cindy Sirinya Bishop Invite you to the “Social Power Exhibition against Sexual Assault”. Retrieved from https://thestandard.co/social-power-exhibition-against-sexual-assault/

Unicef and the Body Shop. (2006). Behind Closed Doors the Impact of Domestic Violence on Children.
Retrieved from https://www.unicef.org/protection/files/BehindClosedDoors.pdf

United Nations. (1993, December 20). Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/48/a48r104.htm

United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women). (2010). Forms of Violence against Women. Retrieved from http://www.endvawnow.org/en/articles/296-forms-of-violence-against-women-.html

UN Women. (n.d.). Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/

Research Articles


How to Cite
WIBOONPANUVEJ, Tana. Legislation for Women’s Rights: A Study of Victims of Domestic Violence Protection Act B.E.2550. Journal of Community Development Research (Humanities and Social Sciences), [S.l.], v. 12, n. 4, p. 112-124, nov. 2019. ISSN 2539-5521. Available at: <http://www.journal.nu.ac.th/JCDR/article/view/Vol-12-No-4-2019-112-124>. Date accessed: 08 aug. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.14456/jcdr-hs.2019.39.