Choice of Commercial Rice Production: Nanglue-Thachai Rice Seed Group in Chai Nat Province


Atthapon Wongchai


     Commercial rice production is the main source of income for farmers. The major problem is the high cost of production and environmental damage, impact on the economy and ecology. Nanglue and Thachai sub-districts have the same problems. The farmers in the area with the rice seed production center see a potential to work together to produce a comprehensive rice seed as an alternative to rice production. This research was aimed to study the development and evolution of Nanglue-Thachai rice seed production group, conditions, and achievement of product management and to study how transformation of rice production methods, which reinforced economic and social sustainability, was done in mainstream agriculture. The research methodology used mixed method research. Based on a questionnaire and a structured interview, it was found that the rice seed production of Nanglue-Thachai rice seed group reached agricultural production quality. It was neatly produced, and required an integration of groups to establish of community enterprises. In addition, it is a source of purchase and distribution of integrated products that increase farmers' incomes. As the market system has declined, there is a dependence and support for production factors, knowledge of production, which enable farmers to meet right conditions with clear advantages in terms of ecology, economic system and Social correlation system with traditional commercial rice production.

Keywords: Rice Seed Production, Commercial Rice Production, Alternative Agriculture, Commercial Rice Production


Barbier, E. B. (1987). Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural Sustainability. In Gatekeeper Series No. 2. London, UK: International Institute for Environment and Development. Retrieved from https://www.

Beck, U. (1994). The Reinvention of Politics: Towards a Theory of Reflexive Modernization. In U. Beck,
A. Giddens, & S. Lash (Eds.), Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order (pp. 1-55). Standford, California: Standford University Press.

Beller, J. (2003). The Cinematic Mode of Production: Towards a Political Economy of the Postmodern. Culture, Theory & Critique, 44(1), 91-106.

Bernstein, H. (1981). Concepts for the Analysis of Contemporary Peasantries. In R. Golli (Ed.), The Political Economy of Rural Development: Peasants, International Capital and the State (pp. 3-26). New York: State University of New York Press.

Charoensin-o-larn, C. (2000). Development Discourse: Power Knowledge Truth Identity and Otherness
(2nd ed.). Bangkok: Vibhasa.

Conway, G. R., & Pretty, J. N. (1991). Unwelcome Harvest: Agriculture and Pollution. London: Earthscan Publications.

Escobar, A. (1995). Power and Visibility: Tales of Peasants, Women and the Environment. In Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World (pp. 154-211). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Ferguson, J. (1990). The Anti-Politics Machine: Development, Depoliticization, and Bureaucratic Power in Lesitho. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Herzer, D., & Nunnenkamp, P. (2014). Income Inequality and Health: Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries. Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal (Economics Discussion Papers, No 2014-45, Kiel Institute for the World Economy). Retrieved from

Ikerd, J., Monson, S., & Dyne, D. V. (1992). Financial Incentives Needed to Encourage Adoption of Sustainable Agriculture. Columbia, MO: Department of Agricultural Economics, for US Environment Protection Agency.

Kaufman, A., & Watanasak, S. (2011). Farmers and Fertilizers: A Socio-Ecological Exploration of the Alternative Agriculture Movement in Northeastern Thailand. Environment and Natural Resources Journal, 9(3), 1-11. Retrieved from

Kerdnoi, T., Prabudhanitisarn, S., Sangawongse, S., Prapamontol, T., & Santasup, C. (2014). The Struggle of Organic Rice in Thailand: A Multi-Level Perspective of Barriers and Opportunities for Up Scaling. Environment and Natural Resources Journal, 12(1), 95-115. Retrieved from

Lianjamroon, W. (1996). Alternative Agriculture, Meaning, Background, and Technique. In Book for the 2nd Alternative Agricultural Assembly, Organic Agriculture and Food Expo, Thailand Cultural Centre, 5-7 April 1996. Bangkok: Alternative Agriculture Network. Retrieved from

Li, T. M. (2007). The Will to Improve: Governmentality, Development, and the Practices of Politics. Durham: Duke University Press.

Nemes, N. (2009). Comparative Analysis of Organic and Non-Organic Farming System: A Critical Assessment of Farm Profitability. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Retrieved from

Office of Agricultural Economics. (2013). Annual Report 2013. Bangkok: Office of Agricultural Economics, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives.

Pieterse, J. N. (1998). My Paradigm or Yours? Alternative Development, Post-Development, Reflexive Development. Development and Change, 29(2), 343-373.

Pitakwong, J. (1984). Capitalist System and Social Change of Thai Farmers. Journal of Political Economics, 3(4), 1-39. Retrieved from

Phongpaichit, P., & Baker, C. (2003). Thailand: Economy and Politics (3rd ed.). Bangkok: Silkworm Books.

Prabudhanitisarn, S. (1988). Cultural Change in Northern Thai Villages. In Symposium on Cultural Change in Asia/USA. Hawaii USA: Institute of Culture and Communication, East-West Center, University of Hawaii Honolulu.

Quinn, R. (1997). NGOs, Peasants and the State: Transformation and Intervention in Rural Thailand, 1970-1990. (Doctoral dissertation). The Australian National University, Australia. Retrieved from https://

Rigg, J., & Vandergeest, P. (2012). Revisiting Rural Places: Pathways to Poverty and Prosperity in Southeast Asia. Singapore: NUS Press. Retrieved from

Smith, A. (2007). Translating Sustainabilities between Green Niches and Socio-Technical Regimes. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 19(4), 427–450.

Sōgawa, K. (1982). The Rice Brown Planthopper: Feeding Physiology and Host Plant Interactions. Annual Review of Entomology, 27, 49-73.

Toffler, A. (1990). Power Shift. New York, NY: Bantam Books.

Research Articles


How to Cite
WONGCHAI, Atthapon. Choice of Commercial Rice Production: Nanglue-Thachai Rice Seed Group in Chai Nat Province. Journal of Community Development Research (Humanities and Social Sciences), [S.l.], v. 12, n. 3, p. 107-119, july 2019. ISSN 2539-5521. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 09 apr. 2020. doi: