This paper attempted to explore the factors leading to suicide rates in Thailand. The statistics provided in this study were provincial data derived and collected from the National Statistics Bureau of Thailand, the Ministry of Public Health, and the Center of Alcohol Problem Research. The data was first presented and followed by the regression analysis. The results suggested that both alcohol and household income led to higher suicide rates whereas household debt had a negative impact on suicide rates. Other social factors which contributed to the higher suicide rates were divorce rates, ratio of elderly (60+) and type of employment such as corporate firms and government-related sectors. On the other hands, population density and percentage of woman that are counted as the head of the family were negatively related to suicide rates. Findings indicated that an appropriate fiscal policy and effective law enforcement on underage drinking should be under urgent consideration by the Thai government. Moreover, proper social security programs for senior should be effectively improved, which will lead to lower suicide rates of the elderly.
Keywords: Suicide Rates, Economic Factors, Social Factors
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