The objectives of this research aimed to study the following points: 1. administration of food processing community enterprises in the Bangkok metropolitan region; 2. opinion in risk likelihood and impact from risk factors on the operation of food processing community enterprises in the Bangkok metropolitan region; and 3. comparison of the opinion in risk likelihood and impact from risk factors on food processing community enterprises categorized by the administration of community enterprises. Samples of this study was 142 food processing community enterprises. Data collection was conducted by interviewing group leaders or members of the community enterprises. Descriptive statistic to analyze data included frequency, percentage, arithmetic mean, and standard deviation. Hypothesis was tested by using t-test and F-test. The Least Significant Difference was specified at 0.05.
The study revealed the results of 3 major aspects. Firstly, the majority of food processing community enterprises appointed their group leader. There was no performance assessment on group leader. Neither membership fee nor specific membership conditions were required. Members had no involvement in determining a direction of their group. Most of community enterprises properly recorded their accounting transactions. The detail of their accounting records was available to all group members. The majority of the community enterprises clearly allocated responsibilities among group members. Raw materials were selected and bought locally. Most community enterprises focused on consumers within a community. Neither advertisement nor promotion was done. Secondly, group leader and members viewed that community enterprises had low risk likelihood (=2.41) and impact (=2.39). Thirdly, the comparison showed that appointing a group leader and recording accounting transactions which were done differently caused the different risk likelihood on the operation of community enterprises at the level of significance at 0.05. Responsibility allocation and having competitors in a market resulted in the different risk impact at the level of significance at 0.05.
Keywords: Administration, Risk, Likelihood, Impact, Community Enterprise