Prevalence and Characteristics of Dental Anomalies in Pediatric Patients at a Dental Hospital in Thailand

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Ruedee Sakulratchata Sasipa Wongma Sita Saenmood Thunyanut Rianpingwang Sasicha Chiohanangkun

Abstract

        This retrospective study was performed by collecting data from dental records of 385 pediatric patients who had a complete dental examination and treatment planning at Dental Hospital in Phitsanulok, Thailand, during the period of January 1, 2014 – December 31, 2017. The objective of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of the most frequently found dental anomalies. The results show that the prevalence of dental anomaly in pediatric patients is 13.25%. The most prevalent anomalies are congenital missing teeth (34.38%), supernumerary teeth (20.31%), embedded teeth (9.38%), enamel hypoplasia (7.81%), and others (1.56%-6.25%). A chi-square test revealed a significant relationship between child age and dental anomaly (P=0.001), in which dental anomaly prevalence is higher in children age 6-12 than in children age 0-5. No significant relationship existed between dental anomaly and sex, systemic disease, or physiological/psychological disorder (P>0.05). The most common disorder associated with dental anomaly was “cleft lip with cleft palate”, and the most common anomaly associated with that disorder was congenital missing permanent anterior maxillary teeth.


Keywords: dental anomalies, pediatric, prevalence, congenital missing teeth, supernumerary teeth

References

Afify, A. R., & Zawawi, K. H. (2012). The prevalence of dental anomalies in the Western region of saudi arabia. International Scholarly Research Notices: Dentistry, 2012, 837270. doi:10.5402/2012/
837270
Akcam, M. O., Evirgen, S., Uslu, O., & Memikoglu, U. T. (2010). Dental anomalies in individuals with cleft lip and/or palate. European Journal of Orthodontics, 32(2), 207-213.
Bailit, H. L. (1975). Dental variation among populations. An anthropologic view. Dental Clinics of North America Journal, 19(1), 125-139.
Basalamah, M., & Baroudi, K. (2016). Prevalence of oro-dental anomalies among schoolchildren in Sana'a city, Yemen. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 22(1), 33-38.
Chen, Y. H., Cheng, N. C., Wang, Y. B., & Yang, C. Y. (2010). Prevalence of congenital dental anomalies in the primary dentition in Taiwan. Pediatric Dentistry, 32(7), 525-529.
Costa, C. H, Diniz, L. V, Lacerda, R. H, Forte, F. D , & Sampaio F. C. (2012). Prevalence of dental anomalies in patients with cleft lip and palate, Paraiba, Brazil: clinic and radiographic study. Acta Odontologica Latinoamericana, 25(2), 181-185.
Deolia, S. G., Chhabra, C., Chhabra, K. G., Kalghatgi, S., & Khandelwal, N. (2015). Dental anomalies of the deciduous dentition among Indian children: a survey from Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 33(2), 111-115. doi: 10.4103/0970-4388.155120
Garvey, M. T., Barry, H. J., & Blake, M. (1999). Supernumerary teeth--an overview of classification, diagnosis and management. Journal/Canadian Dental Association. Journal de l Association Dentaire Canadienne, 65(11), 612-616.
Gurler, G., Delilbasi, C., & Delilbasi, E. (2017). Investigation of impacted supernumerary teeth: a cone beam computed tomograph (cbct) study. Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry, 51(3), 18-24. doi: 10.17096/jiufd.20098
Herrera-Atoche, J. R., DiaMorales, S. M., Colome Ruiz, G. E., Escoffie Ramirez, M., & Orellana, M. F. (2014). Prevalence of dental anomalies in a Mexican population. Dentistry 3000, 2(1), 1-5.
Intaraprasong, A., Puanaiyaka, R., & Wattanasandaporn, D. (1983). The number of dental anomalies found in a group of Thai children. Journal of the Dental Association of Thailand, 33(4), 123-133.
Kapdan, A., Kustarci, A., Buldur, B., Arslan, D., & Kapdan, A. (2012). Dental anomalies in the primary dentition of Turkish children. European Journal of Dentistry, 6(2), 178-183.
Kathariya, M. D., Nikam, A. P., Chopra, K., Patil, N. N., Raheja, H., & Kathariya, R. (2013). Prevalence of Dental Anomalies among School Going Children in India. Journal of International Oral Health, 5(5), 10-14.
Kramer, P. F., Feldens, C. A., Ferreira, S. H., Spiguel, M. H., & Feldens, E. G. (2008). Dental anomalies and associated factors in 2- to 5-year-old Brazilian children. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 18(6), 434-440. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2008.00918.x IPD918 [pii]
Kriangkrai, R., Chareonvit, S., Yahagi, K., Fujiwara, M., Eto, K., & Iseki, S. (2006). Study of Pax6 mutant rat revealed the association between upper incisor formation and midface formation. Developmental Dynamics, 235(8), 2134-2143. doi: 10.1002/dvdy.20875
Mallineni, S. K. (2014). Supernumerary Teeth: Review of the Literature with Recent Updates. Retrieved from https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cpis/2014/764050/
Nanci, A. (2013). Ten Cate Histologia Oral. Retrieved from http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.
aspx?p=4452652
Neville, B., Damm, D. D., Allen, C., & Chi, A.(2009).Oral and maxillofacial pathology. Retrieved from http://www.clinicalkey.com/dura/browse/bookChapter/3-s2.0-B9781416034353X50015
Nicholls, W. (2016). Dental anomalies in children with cleft lip and palate in Western Australia. European Journal of Dentistry, 10, 254. doi:10.4103/1305-7456.178317
Nordgarden, H., Jensen, J. L., & Storhaug, K. (2003). Reported prevalence of congenitally missing teeth in two Norwegian counties. Community Dental Health Journal, 19(4), 258-261.
Puranik, C., & Gandhi, R. (2019). Developmental Dental Anomalies of Primary and Permanent Dentition. Open Access Journal of Dental Sciences, 2019, 4. doi: 10.23880/oajds-16000241
Ramdurg, P., Mendegeri, V, Vanishree, B. K., Achanur, M., & Srinivas, N. (2016). Prevalence and distribution of dental anomalies of orthodontic patients among North Karnataka, India. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 3(6), 146-149.
Rullo, R., Festa, V. M., Addabbo, F., Chiodini, P., Vitale, M., & Perillo, L. (2015). Prevalence of dental anomalies in children with cleft lip and unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate. European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 16(3), 229-232.
Satish, V., Prabhadevi, M. C., & Sharma, R. (2011). Odontome: A Brief Overview. International journal of clinical pediatric dentistry, 4(3), 177-185. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1106
Sheikhi, M., Sadeghi, M. A., & Ghorbanizadeh, S. (2012). Prevalence of congenitally missing permanent teeth in Iran. Dental Research Journal, 9(1), 105-111.
Shilpa, G., Gokhale, N., Mallineni, S. K., & Nuvvula, S. (2017). Prevalence of dental anomalies in deciduous dentition and its association with succedaneous dentition: A cross-sectional study of 4180 South Indian children. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 35(1), 56-62. doi: 10.4103/0970-4388.199228
Shokri, A., Mortazavi, H., Baharvand, M., & Movahhedian, A. (2015). Tooth abnormalities: An overview of more than 20 developmental and acquired disorders. International Journal of Clinical Dentistry, 7(4), 347-362.
Shokri, A., Poorolajal, J., Khajeh, S., Faramarzi, F., & Kahnamoui, H. M. (2014). Prevalence of dental anomalies among 7- to 35-year-old people in Hamadan, Iran in 2012-2013 as observed using panoramic radiographs. Imaging Science in Dentistry, 44(1), 7-13.
Singhal, P., Namdev, R., Kalia, G., Jindal, A., Grewal, P., & Dutta, S. (2017). Developmental and eruption disturbances of teeth and associated complications in Indian children from birth to 12 years of age: A cross-sectional survey. [Original Article]. Saudi Journal of Oral Sciences, 4(2), 83-89. doi: 10.4103/sjos.SJOralSci_15_17
Tantanapornkul, W. (2015). Prevalence and distribution of dental anomalies in Thai orthodontic patients. International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences, 4(2), 165-172.
Temilola, D. O., Folayan, M. O., Fatusi, O., Chukwumah, N. M., Onyejaka, N., Oziegbe, E., . . . Agbaje, H. (2014). The prevalence, pattern and clinical presentation of developmental dental hard-tissue anomalies in children with primary and mix dentition from Ile-Ife, Nigeria. BioMedCentral Oral Health, 14, 125. doi: 10.1186/1472-6831-14-125
Vela, E., Taylor, R. W. , Campbell, P. M. , & Buschang, P. H. (2011). Differences in craniofacial and dental characteristics of adolescent Mexican Americans and European Americans. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 140(6), 839-847.
Wangsrimongkol, T., Manosudprasit, M., Pisek, P., & Chittiwatanapong, N. (2013). Prevalence and types of dental anomaly in a Thai non-syndromic oral cleft sample. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, 96(2), 25-35.
Yassin, S. M. (2016). Prevalence and distribution of selected dental anomalies among saudi children in Abha, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, 8(5), 485-490. doi: 10.4317/jced.
52870
Yonezu, T., Hayashi, Y., Sasaki, J., & Machida, Y. (1997). Prevalence of congenital dental anomalies of the deciduous dentition in Japanese children. Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College, 38(1), 27-32.
Zakaria, H., Duarte, C. , & Al Baloushi, W. (2018). Prevalence of dental anomalies in patients from a teaching dental hospital in the UAE. International Journal of Orofacial Research, 3(2), 32-36.

Section
Research Articles

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
SAKULRATCHATA, Ruedee et al. Prevalence and Characteristics of Dental Anomalies in Pediatric Patients at a Dental Hospital in Thailand. Naresuan University Journal: Science and Technology (NUJST), [S.l.], v. 29, n. 2, p. 73-83, oct. 2020. ISSN 2539-553X. Available at: <http://www.journal.nu.ac.th/NUJST/article/view/Vol-29-No-2-2021-73-83>. Date accessed: 03 dec. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.14456/nujst.2021.18.