Psychoeducation is a low-cost, structured, integrative, collaborative, psychotherapeutic, and support-based educational modality delivered by a mental health professional. This intervention is used to counteract the exponential growth of mental illness. The objective of this paper is to establish the effectiveness of psychoeducation in decreasing depression as a co-morbid mental illness through meta-analysis. Aided by CMA (v. 3 trial version) software, heterogeneity and effect size were computed. Seven (n=7) trials met the inclusion criteria lifted from Academic search complete, MEDLINE, Biomedical reference collection, Health source nursing/ Academic edition, and CINAHL databases.
The total number of subjects are four hundred sixty-two (n=462) divided between the intervention group (n=230) and control group (n=232). Using random effects model, heterogeinity shows (i2= 81.69) high, substantial, and partly spurious result. Small effect size estimated as -0.240 and the odds of psychoeducation decreasing depression is 0.647 (95% CI -6.86 to 0.206, p=0.292). This meta-analysis shows that there are no adequate data to prove the effectiveness of psychoeducation in decreasing depression as co-morbidity of mental illness. In the future, research may develop disease-focused psychoeducation in order to maximize its effectiveness. Meta-analysis may be done on the effectiveness of psychoeducation across different co-morbid mental illness such as anxiety or stress-related disorders to support the attribution of specificity and incompatibility.
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