This research aims to examine the perceptions and adaptations of climate change by upland farmers in the Northern Thailand. Primary data was collected from six rural communities in Phufa Sub-district, Nan Province, Thailand, using a questionnaire survey on a sample of 400 farmers and six focus group discussions. The ordered logistic regression was used to analyze probabilities in agro-adaptation strategies of climate change. Research finding shows that majority of the farmers have perceived increasing temperatures and declining rainfall. The majority of farmers have experiences of decrease crop yield and crop quality due to the potential impacts of climate change. Research results show that overall 68% of the farmers adopt their farm practices due to climate change and related risks. Most of the farmers preferred changing farm management as key adaptation practices followed by diversification of income-generating and livelihood activities, as well as changing in crop pattern and crop calendar. The ordered logistic regression estimation shows that marital status, farm land slope, government support and help, source of weather information, confident of weather information, and farmer’s experiences on the impact of hot weather and extreme climatic event are among the factors which positively and significantly affect farmers’ adaptation level. The participants of six focus group discussion proposed the framework of climate-smart upland farmers as the guideline for climate change adaptation. This research confirmed that ordered logistic models can be used to analyze climate change adaptations level. The framework of climate-smart farmers also provides information for designing policies to face with climate change of upland farmers in Thailand. Scaling up environmental friendly adaptation practice needs strong policy support to promote climate-smart farmers movement.
Keywords: Climate Change, Upland Agriculture, Impact, Adaptation, Phufa Sub-District
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